"How all teachers can support citizenship and human rights education: a framework for the development of competences" (2009) sets out the core competences needed by teachers to put democratic citizenship and human rights into practice in the classroom, throughout the school and in the wider community. It is intended for all teachers - not only specialists but teachers in all subject areas - and teacher educators working in higher-education institutions or other settings, both in pre- and in-service training.
Some 15 competences are presented and grouped into four clusters. Each cluster of competences corresponds to one chapter, within which the competences are described in detail and exemplified. The reader will find progression grids and suggested developmental activities for each competence: these grids - featuring focusing, developing, established and advanced practice - aim to help teachers and teacher educators determine the level to which their professional practice corresponds, and thus identify specific and practical improvements upon which they can focus.